Beauty, of course, is a subjective concept, but the magnificence of the underwater world can be admired endlessly. The picturesqueness of some representatives of its ichthyofauna is simply amazing. In total there are about 25 thousand fish in the world, but only some of their representatives have a truly enchanting appearance. Sprintally represents the 20 most beautiful fishes in the world.
1. Butterflyfish (Chaetodontidae)
- Family: butterflyfish
- Habitat: Indian and Pacific Oceans, Atlantic
- Sizes: 7-30 cm
The family of the brightest and most beautiful sea fish – butterfly fish are the main visiting card of coral reefs and has more than 130 different species. They dwell in coral reefs and rock outcrops of the coastal strip, choosing one site for living for a long time or for life. Butterflyfishes are singles that do not form schools or clusters. They lead a daily life, feeding on invertebrates and parasites.
Characteristic features of fish-butterflies are a high, compressed from the sides body, elongated into the tube rostral part of the head and undivided dorsal fin along the entire body. The basic colors of colors combine black and yellow, black and silver, as well as red, blue, orange spots on a yellow background. Often drawing on fish has similarity with the eye, which helps butterflies hide among colorful reefs, fleeing from predators.
Without fish-butterflies, almost none of the reef aquariums can do, because they are beautiful and conflict-free.
2. The Imperial Angel (Pomacanthus imperator)
- Family: angelfish
- Habitat: tropical waters of the Pacific and Indian oceans from the Hawaiian Islands to the Red Sea
- Sizes: up to 40 cm
Of all the representatives of the angelfish family, the imperial angel is the most spectacular. At the same time, it is extremely rare in wildlife. The imperial angel has an oval, elongated, squeezed body with an elongated mouth like a beak. These fish have the ability to change color with age, and crucially: from the dark blue color with white and lilac stripes in youth to a soft blue-green color with golden stripes in adulthood.
Imperial angels are very fond of aquarists. But you should know that these bright fishes are selfish and prone to aggression. If the owner of the imperial angels does not want problems, he should get a large aquarium.
3. Cock-fishes, or betta (Latin Betta splendens)
- Family: macro close
- Habitat: South-East Asia
- Dimensions: 4-6 cm
The most popular aquarium fish in its natural environment is found in the freshwater ditches, rivers, and streams of Southeast Asia. For the first time, these funny fish were seen at the beginning of the XIX century by the inhabitants of Siam, who drew attention to their aggressive nature. Petushki were transferred to the imperial court, where they first studied scientists, and later became used in “fish” battles.
Petushkov distinguishes between multiple variable colorations and the ability to change the color of scales depending on the external environment and the internal state of the fish. Wild cockerels look less effective, they have shorter fins and olive color. Fighting fish know how to breathe gills and atmospheric air, are unpretentious in care and suitable for beginners aquarists.
4. The radiant lionfish (Latin Pterois antennata)
- Family: scorpion
- Habitat: the waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans, the Red Sea, and the Arabian Sea
- Sizes: up to 24 cm
The bright coloring of the radiant lionfish is a warning signal for its enemies because the injection of this fish is very unpleasant. The winged fin has a pronounced dorsal fin, consisting of 12-13 hard poisonous rays. The poison is similar in composition to cobra toxins but is contained in a lower concentration. The fins connected by membranes give a special beauty to the radiant wings. Due to this, the floating lion turns into a semblance of a clot of flame.
A beautiful lionfish can be found in shallow lagoons and on reef shoals. The lioness leads a nocturnal life. It feeds on the predatory beauty of shrimps and crabs, occasionally it can encroach on small fish.
5. Clownfish (Amphiprion)
- Family: pomacentric
- Habitat: Indian and Pacific Oceans
- sizes: up to 8 cm
Another illustration to the cartoon “In Search of Nemo” and the prototype of one of the main characters – a clownfish. The fish of this species are very attractive colors of orange, black, white and other colors. They are friendly, undemanding and perfectly suited for keeping in captivity.